The leading cause of fatalities in the construction industry is falling. Since 1995, more than 300 fall deaths occurred each year, or about one-third of all construction deaths. The sad part of the story is that most of these deaths could have been prevented.
How these incidents?
employees in the construction industry have a high risk of falling because they have to many dangers on construction. The risk is compounded when there are many contractors working on a project. One developer can create a hazard and employees of other contractors on site also risk the danger
dangerous situations that can lead to death are :.
- Poorly constructed scaffolding
- The leading edges of the steel deck construction
- Illa using fall arrest system
- Holes in floors and work surfaces
- Open the edges of the floor
- Roofing activities
- Open elevator shafts
How can these risks to manage
There are two primary methods to reduce injuries related to the fall 😕 Fall protection courses and fall arrest system.
Fall prevention means that the worker is protected from falling by any means, but an employee from the danger zone. Fall prevention systems will be used to prevent the collapse of six feet or more. Examples include handrails and mid-rails on scaffolding and open edges of floors, handrails around Skylights railing of scissors lifts, covers a floor openings and limited areas in roofing operations. These kinds of protective devices have specific design requirements of OSHA construction standards. For example, handrails should be between 39 and 45 inches above the walking and working surfaces, and must be able to withstand a force of more than 200 pounds. The mid-rail will be halfway between the floor and the top rail and be able to withstand a force of 150 pounds. Covering the floor holes must pass twice the estimated weight and equipment could exceed the cap. The hole cover should be marked with the word “hole”.
Fall arrest systems are full-body harness attached by a lanyard anchor point to prevent a worker from a free fall more than six feet, or safety nets to catch the employee after the fall of no more than 30 feet. Fall arrest systems have specific design requirements. Fall arrest shall have a maximum value of 1800 pounds, down, and will bring workers to stop within 3.5 feet. Anchorage points must be able to withstand a force of 5,000 pounds. Handrails scaffold components should not be used as anchorage points.
Training is an essential part of an effective fall protection program. Employees must know how to use the system correctly, how to inspect the equipment and restrictions prevention fall and fall arrest system.